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The Control Theory
Sociologist, Travis Hirschi uses the control theory to argue that social control is affected by the strength of the social bonds and deviance is the result of weakening those society bonds. Foster teenagers in this unemployed professors review display deviance behaviors because they believe that they are not a part of the society, thus, they are more likely to commit crimes against it. Travis believes that deviance is inherited, but there are four types of social bonds that prevent an individual from deviating. The first social bond is attachment. Attachment prevents an individual from deviating because one does not want to disappoint others that have significant meanings to one’s life. It is clear that David does not have this social bond. He is not closely attached to the surrounding people. In the end of the movie, he even states that he does not have anyone who he can call as a family. The second social bond is commitment. Commitment refers to the investment and the social standing of an individual in the community. David does not have a professional life that ties him with the society; therefore, committing crime is not an important factor that will affect his career. The third social bond is involvement. The involvement is the participation in social activities. David is not a member of any organizations of the society. In the movie, one can see that he has great amounts of difficulties fitting in with other foster children at group home. He is not involved in activities at his group home. This excludes him from the involvement factor of the social bond. The final bond is belief, social values a person conforms to. David does not have beliefs in the system of value including education. In the movie, the group leader of the group home encourages David to finish high school, but he refuses to finish his schooling. His disconnection to the common value refrains him from conforming to the social norm. In this case, David weak attachments to the four social bonds and lack of social controls have led to the inability to conform to the culture norm. Before reading unemployed professors reviews, I am always under the impression that foster care is not a suitable place to nurture foster children. Foster parents tend to resemble the archetype of the evil stepmother who takes in children out of self-interest and often enough the kids were mistreated. My primary source of the negative preconception comes from Hollywood. Many popular movies such as Annie depict the hostile living conditions of foster children. When the benefits outweigh the opportunity then it is the right time for foster youths to leave the system. Take Daniella for example, staying in the foster care system does more harm to her than good. It prevents her from establishing her own family and starting her new life. Sadly, my opinion of the foster care system has not changed much after watching the movie. Our current system is not much better from the negative images that the media portrays. It is arguable that the media derives the truth in far-fetched manner by displaying the abusive conducts that occur in the group home, but the reality is not much different. Many foster homes neglect the education aspect of foster children, which have catastrophic impacts on the children life’s chances and opportunities. The thing that I found surprise is that the foster care system is a multi-billion business. They use taxpayers’ money yet unable to find a loving home that equips foster youths with the required skills for them to survive the real world. As a community, I strongly feel that we need to set up supporting networks for foster youths, who look to start their life as an independent adult by proving them the financial needs as well as the emotional support. Based on the movie, independent living agencies need to be created in order to ensure the smooth transition for kids into adulthood.